HTML Versus XHTML

please click here for more wordpress cource

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language) are both markup languages used for creating web pages, but they have some significant differences.

  1. Syntax: HTML is a markup language that follows a more relaxed syntax than XHTML. XHTML, on the other hand, follows a stricter syntax similar to XML.
  2. Tag handling: HTML allows for more flexibility in tag handling. It allows tags to be opened but not closed, while XHTML requires all tags to be properly closed.
  3. Case sensitivity: HTML is case-insensitive, meaning it doesn’t matter whether you use uppercase or lowercase letters for tags and attributes. XHTML is case-sensitive, and it requires all tags and attributes to be in lowercase.
  4. Parsing: HTML has some ambiguity in its syntax, which can cause issues for web browsers and parsers. XHTML, with its stricter syntax, can be parsed more reliably.
  5. MIME type: HTML uses the MIME type “text/html,” while XHTML uses “application/xhtml+xml.”
  6. Legacy support: HTML has been around since the early days of the web and has a lot of legacy support. XHTML is relatively new and may not be supported by some older browsers and devices.

In summary, XHTML is a stricter and more standardized version of HTML that follows XML rules. It is designed to be more reliable and extensible than HTML, but it requires a higher level of compliance and can be less forgiving than HTML. HTML is more flexible and forgiving, making it easier to work with, but it can also be more error-prone. Ultimately, the choice between HTML and XHTML depends on the needs and requirements of your project.

You may also like...

Popular Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *